- Oriental Art. a schematized representation of the cosmos, chiefly characterized by a concentric configuration of geometric shapes, each of which contains an image of a deity or an attribute of a deity.
- (in Jungian psychology) a symbol representing the effort to reunify the self.
1859, from Skt. mandala "disc, circle."
"In the biology classroom of college instructor Caryn Babaian, students learn about the interconnectedness of diverse life forms by seeing ecosystems in the form of mandalas."
- September–October 2015 American Scientist (http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/2015/5/visualizing-biological-networks-as-mandalas)