Etymology: < post-classical Latin multiparus producing numerous offspring (1508; < classical Latin multi- multi- comb. form + -parus : see -parous comb. form) + -ous suffix. Compare oviparous adj., uniparous adj., vermiparous adj., viviparous adj. In sense 2 after French multipare (1849 or earlier, as adjective and noun; 1803 in sense 1).
1. Zool. Producing several offspring at one time; polytocous. Now rare.
2. Obstetr., Veterinary Med., and Agric. Designating or belonging to a woman or other female mammal who has had two or more pregnancies resulting in the birth of offspring. (OED)
"FoxO1 ablation caused hyperglycemia with reduced β cell mass following physiologic stress, such as multiparity and aging.
- Talchai et al., "Pancreatic β Cell Dedifferentiation as a Mechanism of Diabetic β Cell Failure", Cell. 2012 Sep 14;150(6):1223-34. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2012.07.029