- a form or development of trade unionism, originating in France, that aims at the possession of the means of production and distribution, and ultimately at the control of society, by federated bodies of industrial workers, and that seeks to realize its purposes through general strikes, terrorism, sabotage, etc.
- an economic system in which workers own and manage industry.
1907, from Fr. syndicalisme "movement to transfer ownership of means of production and distribution to industrial workers," from syndical "of a labor union," from syndic "chief representative" (see syndic). (http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/syndicalism)
"And recent recruits had tightened their cohesion with a stringent and militant ideology. The newcomers were metropolitan intellectuals, refugees from the anarcho-syndicalist House of the World Worker, which Huerta had closed in May 1914."
- John Womack, Zapata and the Mexican Revolution