Monday, December 21, 2015

Word of the day: welt

The word of the day is welt:

  1. a ridge or wale on the surface of the body, as from a blow of a stick or whip.
  2. a blow producing such a ridge or wale.
  3. Shoemaking.
    1. a strip, as of leather, set in between the outsole of a shoe and the edges of its insole and upper, through which these parts are joined by stitching or stapling.
    2. a strip, usually of leather, that ornaments a shoe.
  4. a strengthening or ornamental finish along a seam, the edge of a garment, etc.
  5. a seam in which one edge is cut close to the stitching line and covered by the other edge, which is stitched over it.
early 15c., a shoemaker's term, perhaps related to M.E. welten "to overturn, roll over" (c.1300), from O.N. velta "to roll" (related to welter (v.)). Meaning "ridge on the skin from a wound" is first recorded 1800.

"The wide expanse of water seems to merge into the sky without a welt."

 - Charles Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

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